Courtesy of Stéphane PoulainHSC Ingenieur Jean Bertin, Past and Present

HSC Ingenieur Jean Bertin (BL.341.931)

Courtesy of Stéphane Poulain

Courtesy of  Stéphane Poulain (Trials at Pauillac, France)

SEDAM type N500 Naviplane Hovercraft built in 1977 by Sedam, Pauillac, France (Yard No 2) for SNCF, France

Technical Data

  • Length: 50.0 m (overall)
  • Breadth: 23.0m (extreme)
  • Skirt length: 2.10m/3.60m
  • Height on cushion: 17.0m
  • Length of cargo deck: 46m (inside)
  • Width of cargo deck: 22m (inside)
  • Cargo deck area: 960m²
  • Cushion area: 320m²
  • Cushion length: 45m
  • Cushion width: 22m
  • Average air cushion pressure (at weight of 230 tons): 2.8m.Bar
  • Vehicle entry door width: 10m
  • Vehicle clearance height central: 3.8m
  • Sides: 2.1m
  • Passenger entry door height: 2m
  • Buoyancy: 450m³
  • Tonnage: 260 tons gross/118 deadweight
  • Engines: 5 American Lycoming TF 40 (3 for propulsion, 2 for support )gas turbines and Italian gearboxes.
  • Power: 32,00 bhp./ 2,386 kW (continuous), 2,535 (burst)
  • Speed: 75 knots (max)
  • Endurance: 5 hours
  • Operational limits (Sea state): 1 – 1.5m
  • Operational limits (wind/Beaufort Scale): 6
  • Capacity: 385 passengers, 45 cars
  • Sister: Cote D’Argent

History

Courtesy of Stéphane Poulain

Courtesy of  Stéphane Poulain (Trials at Pauillac, France)

November 20th 1977: Expected initial departure from Pauillac and all preparations were duly made. However, the weather report was very bad and the forecast for that week showed no signs of improvement. At 07.30 hrs a decision was made to postpone the departure the following Friday.

November 25th 1977: The first stage of the journey (Pauillac to Le Verdon, at the mouth of the River Gironde) began and took 50 minutes.

November 26th 1977: The weather was good and the craft reached Quiberon early that morning. It landed on the tourist beach of Pen-er-Le where a tanker waited to refuel her.
She left for Douarnenez at 13.30 hrs, where a planned landing spot at Sainte Anne la Palud was moved to La Lieue de Greve. She landed at 17.00 hrs.

Sunday 27th November 1977: Departed for Cherbourg, but between Sept Isles and Brehat there was an incident involving two of her skirts and, as a precautionary measure, she had to put into Erquy. Her departure was delayed owing to the fact that her refuelling tanker was already en-route to Cherbourg and had to return to Erquy.

Monday 28th November 1977 (08.30hrs): Left Erquy for Saukville (near Cherbourg) in rough seas. There were doubts about the vessels capabilities to fly in such conditions and after only 45 minutes flying the pilots turned back.

Tuesday 29th November 1977: Left for Siouville arriving at 12.30 hrs, despite the weather conditions, an hour earlier than expected. After taking on supplies she set off for Houlgate at 13.50 hrs and arrived that afternoon.

Wednesday 30th November 1977: Left Houlgate for Boulogne.

Wednesday 30th November 1977(13.25 hrs): Landed at Boulogne. During this journey she created a world record flight of 750 mile in 25 hours.

Nicolas Lévy Collection

Nicolas Lévy Collection

March 1978: She commenced trials.

March 9th 1978: Tested the pad at Dover (Western docks) Hoverport

July 5th 1978: Entered commercial service between Boulogne – Dover. Became the first commercial craft to use the Dover Hoverport pad.

Courtesy of Stéphane Poulain  © Ian Leiper

Courtesy of  Stéphane Poulain (left) and © Ian Leiper (Courtesy of Mark Leiper) (right)

Nicolas Lévy Collection

Nicolas Lévy Collection

August 17th 1979: Experienced complete engine failure during a gale when 8 miles off Boulogne. Engineers were landed on board, by helicopter and a tug was called from Dieppe. She was stranded for 8 hours.

© Tony Garner

© Tony Garner

© Ken Larwood  © Ken Larwood

© Ken Larwood  © Ken Larwood

© Ken Larwood (all)

Courtesy of Stéphane Poulain  Stéphane Poulain Collection

Courtesy of  Stéphane Poulain (both)

February 23rd 1982: Giving the reason as profit margin, SNCF released itself from the venture and the sold the craft to Hoverspeed. The French were asked to modify the craft ,and this was done at Boulogne in 1982 (ie: modification of the skirts, increasing the manoeuvrability, greater  speed. etc ..).

Nicolas Lévy Collection  Nicolas Lévy Collection

Nicolas Lévy Collection  Nicolas Lévy Collection

Nicolas Lévy Collection (all)

December 14th 1982: After £500,000 of modifications, she underwent sea-trials.

February 23rd 1982: Reintroduced on the Boulogne – Dover route.

July 27th 1983: Hoverspeed announced that the craft was not suitable for their services and it was returned to SNCF. During its trial period for Hoverspeed, the Naviplane lost 30% of its intended flights. Failures occurred in the propeller pitch and propulsion systems and cracks developed in the hull and fittings. This was all thought to be the result of the excessive vibration.

Nicolas Lévy Collection  ©Fotoflite

Nicolas Lévy Collection (left) and ©Fotoflite (Stéphane Poulain Collection) (right)

July 1983: She was removed from service and beached in Boulogne.

October 1985 (late): Having been left abandoned on the beach she was broken up by a mechanical digger on the Boulogne hover-pad.

Roy Thornton Collection  Roy Thornton Collection

Roy Thornton Collection (both)


All information is believed to be correct and no responsibility is accepted for any errors or omissions. All items included in this article are subject to © copyright. We would like to take this opportunity of thanking: Tony Garner, Ken Larwood, Mark Leiper, Nicolas Lévy, Stéphane Poulain and Andreas Wörteler for their assistance in producing this feature.

Article © Nigel Thornton and Ray Goodfellow (Dover Ferry Photos Group)


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