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British Transport Commission (BTC)

The British Transport Commission (BTC) was created by Clement Attlee’s post-war Labour government as a part of its nationalisation programme, to oversee railways, canals, shipping and road freight transport in Great Britain. Its general duty under the Transport Act 1947 was to provide “an efficient, adequate, economical and properly integrated system of public inland transport and port facilities within Great Britain for passengers and goods”. The BTC came into operation on 1 January 1948. Its main holdings were the networks and assets of the ‘Big Four’ national regional railway companies: Great Western Railway, London and North Eastern Railway, London, Midland and Scottish Railway and the Southern Railway. It was via the assets of the ‘Big Four’ that the BTC was involved in shipping with numerous steamers being owned by the railway companies.

TS Isle of Guernsey - Past and Present

TS Isle of Guernsey – Past and Present

Ts Isle of Guernsey, ex HMS Isle of Guernsey, Hospital Carrier No 26, Isle of Guernsey – Steel twin screw turbine vessel, built in 1930 by Wm Denny & Bros, Dumbarton, (Yard No 1233), for Southern Railways as a passenger and cargo vessel

Roy Thornton Collection

Ts St David (III), Past and Present

TS Holyhead, ex St David (III) – Steel twin screw turbine ship, built by Cammell Laird & Co Ltd, Birkenhead (Yard No 1182) for Fishguard & Rosslare Railways & Harbours Co, in 1947 as a passenger and mail vessel

MV Antrim Princess - Past and Present

MV Antrim Princess – Past and Present

MV Stella, ex Tynwald, Antrim Princess – Steel twin screw motor vessel built in 1967 at Hawthorn, Leslie (Shipbuilders) Hebburn, Tyne (Yard No 765) as a roll-on roll-off car and commercial vehicle ferry, for Caledonian Steam Packet (Irish Services) Ltd